Cultural Space of Gong in the Central Highlands has existed in 5 provinces: Kon Tum, Gia Lai, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Lam Dong. And owner of this unique type of culture are ethnic minorities: Bana, Xedang , Mnong, Coho, Romam, Ede, Giarai…Gongs connect closely to life of ethnic groups in the Central Highlands, is the voice of spiritual, of human soul; it expresses joy, sadness in life, in work as well as in daily activities of local people.[caption id="attachment_7668" align="aligncenter" width="640"] Cultural Space of Gong in the Central Highlands[/caption]
Central Highlands’s gongs are unique and special musical instruments. Long time ago, gongs were played to celebrate new rice days, plant rice days; it was considered as a way to communicate with the supernatural … Gongs are played in all important occasion such as new rice festival, killing buffalo festival, closing warehouse door festival …Gongs is a special thing to connect all people in a community.[caption id="attachment_7667" align="aligncenter" width="640"] Cultural Space of Gong in the Central Highlands[/caption]
According to the opinion of ethnic groups in the Central Highlands, there is a god behind each gong and the Gong is older, power of the God is higher. Moreover, Gongs are also valuable asset, the symbol of power and wealth. At the festival, image of people dancing around sacred fire next to Can wine in echo of gongs make a romantic and fanciful space.
UNESCO recognized Cultural Space of Gong in the Central Highlands as a Cultural Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2005.