Stellar of the Seas Cruise Halong Bay
Stellar of the Seas Cruise Halong Bay

Xoan Singing in Phu Tho Province

Xoan Singing in Phu Tho Province
UPDATED: 06 Aug 2015 10 Views
Xoan singing or hat cua dinh (singing at the communal house) is a kind of performing art relating to worshipping gods. In the past, Van Lang people held Xoan singing performance in the spring to welcome the new year.There are three forms of Xoan singing as the worship singing to commemorate Hung Kings and village guardian gods; the ritual singing to pray for good crops, good health; and the festive singing – a form of love duet. Xoan Singing   Xoan singing has existed for more than 2,000 years since Hung Kings dynasty. So all old Xoan songs originated from ancient villages in the center of Van Lang nation (now Phu Tho Province), after spread out the villages in the two banks of Lo and Hong rivers. Four old Xoan guilds are An Thai, Phu Duc, Kim Doi and Thet in two communes of Kim Duc and Phuong Lau (Viet Tri City, Phu Tho Province).   The Xoan guilds perform Xoan singing at the village’s communal house according to phrases as follows:   Firstly, the worship singing to commemorate Hung Kings, village guardian gods, the people who had merit for the country and families’ ancestors through the repertoires of Giao trong and Tho nhang…   Secondly, the ritual singing (with 14 different melodies) to express admiration of nature, human beings, and communities’ life, and some repertoires about history such as Trang Mai cach and Hoi lien cach…   Finally, the festive singing is alternate singing between singers and instrumentalists. The audience could take part in singing together with Xoan guilds to express love and dreams about happiness through melodies of Mo ca (groping for fishes), Xin hue (asking for flowers), Bo bo…   Most Xoan songs were composed by common people following poetry styles such as seven-seven-six-eight-word-meter verse, seven-beat-meter verse, six-eight-word-meter verse, the variants of six-eight-word-meter verse, four-word verse, and six-word verse. Xoan music has a simple structure with few ornamental notes. It often uses three-note scale and four-note scale with simple rhythm. Xoan singing is usually performed on the occasions In the spring: One after another the Xoan guilds of Phu Tho Province begin the sping round of pleasures at communal houses and temples since the first day of the New Year. In the morning of Lunar New Year's days, the Xoan guild of which village sings in that village, in the evening, all Xoan guilds come together to sing in turn at the communal houses and temples as follows: on the first day of the Lunar New Year, singing at the Ca Communal House and Cam Temple in An Thai Village (Phuong Lau Commune, Viet Tri City); on the second day, singing at Doi Communal House in Kim Doi Village; on the third day, singing at Lai Len Temple in Phu Duc Village; on the fourth day, singing at Thet Communal House in Thet Village (Kim Duc Commune, Viet Tri City). On the fifth day, often singing at the Hung Temple (Hy Cuong Commune, Viet Tri City), the singing time is prescribed at a determined singing place, each guild chooses a location. travel to vietnam  
Tags : Xoan Singing