General information about Hoang Lien National Park
Sapa is a mountainous province in the northwest. This place is mainly covered with the mountainous terrain. Coming here, visitors have the opportunity to visit the Hoang Lien National Park with rich flora and fauna. From the town of Sapa, travelers will go through a winding slope of around 20 kilometers. After that, visitors come to O Quy Ho pass – Hoang Lien pass, which is a part of the National Park. Going along the trail winding around the mountainside at an altitude of above 1,000 meters, tourists will cover all the mountainous scenery here – a forest with innumerable trees flooded with shining rays of sun and various flowers of Rhododendron, wild orchids and plum blossom.
Hoang Lien National Park is mostly primeval forest with the vegetational cover of mountainous tropical closed evergreen forests and a diverse fauna. Hoang Lien National Park is one of the important special-use forests in Vietnam with a total area of 29, 845 hectares. This park contains a high mountainous system of Hoang Lien Son range involving Fansipan mountain of 3,143 meters in height and the buffer zone area of 38,724 hectares, including Sa Pa town, some communes in Sa Pa district, a part of Van Ban district, Lao Cai province, and 2 communes in Than Uyen district and Lai Chau province.
Flora and fauna of Hoang Lien National Park
In terms of the flora, there are about 2,000 species of plants with typical trees such as Nepalese alder, snowbell, rhododendron, fokienia and wild plum. Of them, 66 species are listed in the Vietnam’s Red Data Book including green cypress, tsuga dumosa and podocarpus neriifolius and red pine. Besides, 32 rare species like green cypress in the karst mountain of Ban Ho commune (Sa Pa), red pine in Sa Pa commune (Sa Pa) and abies delavayi in Hoang Lien National Park. These three plants are the main raw materials used to create precious medicines. In addition, here we can find out ancient Lingzhi mushroom, Sapa’s neohouzeaua, which mainly distributes in high mountains of China and Vietnam.
The fauna here is quite diverse with 66 species of mammals and the most popular are black gibbons, great hornbills and mouse-deer, 16 species of which are listed in Vietnam’s Red Data Book; 347 species of birds such as eagles with big spots, red-crested pheasant, thrush; 41 amphibians and 61 reptiles, especially quasipaa verrucospinosa, a rare species of frog in Vietnam spikes that has been recently discovered.
With such a rich ecosystem, Hoang Lien National Park is considered one of the centers of biodiversity in Vietnam. In particular, this place still preserves traditional cultural characteristics of ethnic communities living in the core zone and buffer zone of the national park. For example, singing and dancing of the H’mong, Yao and Giay with the musical instruments such as pan-pipe, flute and trumpet. Besides, we can witness some special residential architecture of ethnic people. Specifically, H’mong people usually live in the high land. Therefore, the floor of H’mong is often lower and airtight; and the main raw materials is wood. Tay people live in lowland areas; as a result, stilt houses are quite popular and their roofs are made of grass or straw. But today, they are replaced with tiles.
Hoang Lien National Park owns the diverse flora and fauna, thus, increasingly attracting a large number of tourists. If you are a nature lover and desire to explore mysteries, you should arrange a schedule to visit the Hoang Lien National Park as soon as possible.