Phnom Penh, the capital city of Cambodia attracts a large number tourists both at home and abroad annually due to owning quite a lot unique architecture which has been retained for a long time and contains a variety of traditional cultures in Cambodia.
Royal Palace – Silver Pagoda
The Royal Palace is located in Sothearos street. The palace opens from 7:30 to 11:00 in the morning and from 2:00 to 5:00 in the afternoon every day during the week.
The Royal Palace, whose full name is Preah Barom Reachea Vaeng Chaktomuk was built after the King Norodom moved the capital from Oudong to Phnom Penh in the mid-1800. Kings of Cambodia stayed in this palace from 1866, when the construction was finished. Their living in the Royal Palace was interrupted for a period of time when this country was under the rule of the Khmer Rouge.
The palace was built to meet the demand of accommodation and daily life of the King, his family and foreign visitors. It also is the place for holding a court, the diplomatic etiquette and royal rituals. In addition, the Royal Palace is the symbol of the kingdom; closely associated with the Silver Pagoda and considered to be the compound of palaces, buildings and gardens.
National Museum of Cambodia
National Museum of Cambodia is located at the crossroads of the Street 178 and the Street 13 and quite near the Royal Palace. The museum opens between 8 a.m and 5 p.m all the days.
This construction was designed by George Groslier and Ecole des Arts Cambodgiens and launched to build in 1917 in the traditional style of the Khmer people; the inauguration was held by King Sisowath in 1920. This famous destination is the collection of long-standing archaeological, religious and artistic works from the 4th century to the 13th century. The museum owns more than 5000 specimens and is the carrier of a wealth of culture of the kingdom.
Wat Phnom is located in the intersection of the Street 96 and Norodom avenue. Wat Phnom opens every day of the week.
Wat Phnom (Mountain pagoda) was built in 1373 and one of the most important and meaningful pagodas in Phnom Penh. The pagoda was constructed on an artificial hill by a wealthy widow named Daun Chi Penh after a great flood had brought the Buddha statues to this region.
Legend has it that the arrival of Wat Phnom was closely connected with the beginning of Phnom Penh. It was said that Yea Penh picked up a piece of wood on the river in 1372. Inside the timber were four Buddha statues. She put up a hill (Phnom means hill) and a small pagoda (Wat) in the area that is now known as Wat Phnom. Later, the surrounding area is named after the hill (Phnom) and the person who created it (Penh), hence it is called Phnom Penh.
The last time the pagoda has been rebuilt was in 1926. The largest stupas contained the remains of Ponhea Yat (1421 -1462), who moved the capital of the Khmer empire from Phnom Penh to Angkor. This area is the festival center of the city in the new year.