The northwest Vietnam is a western mountainous region in the northern Vietnam and bordered by Laos and China. The northwest region has the rugged terrain with many high ranges of mountains to the northwest – southeast. Hoang Lien Son range is up to 180 kilometers long and 30 kilometers wide and some other mountains with the height ranging from 2800 to 3000 meters. Ma River Mountains 500 km long, with heights over 1800 m. Therefore, the discovery of the northwest region is appropriate for those have good health and have a passion for adventure.
The northwest has the population of 3.5 million people and covers an area of 5.64 million hectares with 6 provinces including Hoa Binh, Son La, Dien Bien, Lai Chau, Lao Cai and Yen Bai.
Hoa Binh province
Hoa Binh is a mountainous province of the northwestern Vietnam, located in the south of Tonkin, is at latitude 20°19′- 21°08′ north and at longitude 104°48 ‘- 105°40’ east. The township of Hoa Binh is Hoa Binh city that is located 73 kilometers from Hanoi city center.
Hoa Binh has the hilly terrain with layer upon layer of mountains, Bo waterfall, Hoa Tien cave, Pu Nooc primeval tropical forest where quite a few tourists come to have adventure tours of hiking, walking and hunting. The effort of human and the favorable condition given by the Creator help to create a Song Da reservoir for the Hoa Binh that enhance the potential for tourism development in this area. In addition, there are a host of rare animals and plants.
Son La province
Son La is a mountainous province in the northwest Vietnam with an area of 14,125 kilometers square accounting for 4.27% of the total area of Vietnam. Its area ranks third among 63 provinces. Son La has a humid subtropical climate with cold and dry winter, hot and rainy summers.
Due to strongly separated hilly terrain, quite a lot climate sub-regions are formed, which allows the development of agricultural and forestry production. Moc Chau plateau owns good conditions for growing temperate crop plants and livestock. The area along the Da River suits evergreen rainforest trees.
Dien Bien Province
Dien Bien Province has the potential for tourism, especially in the field of culture and history. The most prominent destination is the system of historical sites at Dien Bien Phu including the headquarters of the Command Committee of the Dien Bien Phu campaign; the Him Lam entrenched fortification; Ban Keo and Doc Lap strongholds, A1, C1, D1 and E1 hills and the underground shelter of French General De Castries. This complex of historic relics is a valuable resource for tourism development in Dien Bien province in particular and the northwest region in general.
Moreover, the intangible culture of Dien Bien is highly appreciated. With 21 ethnic groups living together, each group owns different cultural characteristics, especially Thai and H’mong people.
Besides, Dien Bien has a great number of caves, mineral water resource and lakes such as Muong Nhe primeval forest; caves in Pa Thom, Tham Pua (Tuan Giao); Hua Pe hot mineral spring, U Va, Pa Khoang, Pe Luong and Huoi Pha lakes.
Lai Chau includes 20 ethnic groups, each of which has its own traditional cultural life. The mountainous market is the clear evidence for the diverse culture.
Lao Cai Province
Lao Cai is a developing mountainous province; thus retaining diverse and clean landscape. This is considered an ideal tourist destination for domestic and foreign tourists.
Yen Bai Province
Yen Bai owns numerous popular tourist attractions involving Yen Ngua slope, Hong Ca Tran Yen valley, Mu Cang Chai terraced fields, Thac Ba Hydropower Plant, Luc Yen market, Tuan Quan temple, Muong Lo paddy field, Mo waterfall, Thac Ba lake, The Bon mineral spring, Ban Hoc, Giang spring. Dong Cuong temple, Nguyen Thai Hoc tomb and Van war zone.