There are many famous tunnels in Vietnam during the war. The most famous one is Cu Chi and Vinh Moc tunnels. Other ones are Trai Khe tunnels and Vinh Linh tunnels. After that, this article will introduce the readers outstanding tunnels in Vietnam during the war.
Cu Chi tunnels, Ho Chi Minh City
Visiting Cu Chi tunnels, Ho Chi Minh City is one of the greatest things to do in Vietnam. Cu Chi tunnels are about 70km from Ho Chi Minh City to the northwest. The tunnel system includes an infirmary, many rooms, kitchen, storage, working rooms and underground tunnels.
Cu Chi tunnels were built in the late 1940s on the land that is known as “steel land”. Initially, residents in the area only dug tunnels to avoid raids and provide the shelter for soldiers. Then, to meet the demand of traveling, tunnels are interconnected, forming an uninterrupted tunnel system.
In terms of scale, the tunnel system has a total length of 200km. The underground tunnel is from 3 to 8 meters in depth and the height is only enough for the one walking with a stoop. The tunnel system consists of 3 floors. The first floor 3m above the ground and has the ability to resist ammunition, cannon and the weight of tanks and armored vehicles. The second floor is 5m above the ground and able to prevent bombs in small size. The last floor is between 8m and 10m above the ground.
During the war, there were no casualties in the tunnels, but because of the shortage of light and food, there were only about 6,000 live people.
Vinh Moc tunnels, Quang Tri
Vinh Moc tunnels are located in Vinh Moc hamlet, Vinh Thach commune, Vinh Linh district, Quang Tri province. This tunnel system lay in the north of Ben Hai River, Hien Luong bridge during the period from 1965 to 1972. Interestingly, the commander of this work just finished the primary school.
The tunnel structure looks like an underground village with lots of flats for 3 to 4 people, 3 wells, a 50-seat hall, infirmary, maternity hospital, surgery room, Hoang Cam kitchen, rice storage, rice station and telephone set.
The tunnel system includes three floors; the first one is for living with the depth of 12m; the second one is the storage of food and weapons or the meeting place which is 15m above the ground and the last floor is 23m deep and its main function is to avoid bombs.
Vinh Moc tunnels have 13 outlets, including 7 gates to the sea and 6 gates to the hill. At the tunnel mouth is placed anti-collapse wood. The tunnels have a capacity of about 1,200 people. For nearly 2,000 days and nights, there are not any casualties. Moreover, this tunnel became the birthplace of over 17 babies.
Currently, Vinh Moc tunnels belong to the system of non-military tourist sites. Every day, hundreds of visitors come here, most of them are war veterans who fought here.
Khe Trai tunnels, Thua Thien – Hue
The tunnels of Khe Trai are one of the historical monuments that witnessed the preparation, the fight and the end of the Spring 1968 general offensive.
Khe Trai tunnels are located on the hill 160 in Huong Van ward, Huong Tra town, Thua Thien Hue province with all the 3 gates lying on the slope of the hill 160. From the three gates of 1, 2 and 3, you can go inside the tunnel where there are sleeping and meeting rooms. In addition, dry trees on the tunnel walls are used as a pillow to hang the hammock.
Nowadays, the tunnel opens to welcome visitors. You do not have to pay entrance fees. However, this place does not offer full of travel services such as guides, restaurants and food stalls.
In addition to the above-mentioned tunnels, there are many other small tunnels such as the tunnel in the war zone D; Vam Sat base; Long Tan in Ba Ria and the tunnel at Tam Giac Sat (Iron Triangle) in Binh Duong.