Ta Phin village, Sapa
Ta Phin village belongs to Sapa district, about 17 kilometer from the center of Sapa town to the east. It has the beautiful natural landscape and unique culture features of Red Yao people with brocade.
Coming to Ta Phin, you can visit Ta Phin cave. Inside the cave are stalactites creating interesting shapes like meadows or sparkling forests.
Not only known for the unspoiled and spectacular natural beauty, it also attracts tourists by the traditional cultural identity of local ethnic people, especially brocade textiles of H’mong.
In the trip to Ta Phin village, Sapa; the first thing that makes the impression on tourists is the image of charming H’mong women in the colorful traditional costume. Going inside the village, tourists will see these women making flax and weaving on the doorstep.
Brocade textile of Ta Phin people
Thanks to the skillful and talented women, a lot of diverse brocade products with a variety of patterns and colors such as backpacks, travel bags, handbags, purses, paintings , scarfs, shirts and hats have been created.
When coming of age, every woman will be supplied with a plot of paddy field for the flax cultivation. When the flax has the height of about two metre, they will collect, dry the flax and extract them to take the crust. It is requested to extract skilfully so that the flax has the same thin level and will not be broken. The bundles of flax are tightly rolled and ground in a mortar in order that all the flour will be removed and keep tough fibers which are then rolled into larger fibers.
To achieve the brightness and softness as expected, flax must be boiled in the lye water several times and in the wax water once before being woven into linen. H’mong people usually weave cloth by a backstrap loom. After being weaved, the cloth will be repeatedly washed many times until it is covered with the white color. The next step is laying the cloth on a round block and using a slab of stone to scrape wax on the cloth until it is really flat.
The stage that requires the most effort is the embroidery of decorative patterns onto the fabric. The dominant pattern of embroidery is spiral, pumpkin flowers or patterns inspired by nature such as trees, grass, flowers, leaves and birds. H’mong people are always meticulous in embroidering tradition costumes which include scarfs, some layers of clothes, skirts and foot-binding cloth. At first, they embroider each part and join them together to create a complete outfit. Each cloth clearly bears personal mark and expresses the subtlety of each maker.
For the people living in the highland, the brocade is not only used for daily life activities but also love keepsake or dowry at the marriage. This is also the favorite souvenir of tourists in Sa Pa. Moreover, Ta Phin brocade is also ordered from many places throughout the country to sell to customers and export to foreign markets such as the U.S, France and Denmark.
With unspoiled natural landscape; cool and fresh climate; friendly and hospitable people and attractive products and services; Ta Phin has been increasingly attracted domestic and foreign tourists. Surely anyone who has once come to Ta Phin desire to go back to explore, learn and enjoy the unique things here.